BA in Applied Linguistics

at TWU

Trinity Western University's Department of Linguistics offers both a major and a minor in Linguistics through CanIL, leading to a B.A. degree.

BA in Applied Linguistics at TWU

Trinity Western University’s Department of Linguistics offers a major, minor, and concentration in applied linguistics through CanIL, leading to a B.A. degree. Students may choose courses to focus on either applied linguistic skills, or analytic linguistic skills. Linguistics is the study of language and how it is used in any society in our global community. These courses teach the crucial skills needed for learning and describing languages, even those that are unwritten. Such skills include the recognition and pronunciation of non-English speech sounds, alphabet formation, and the description of grammars and systems of meaning and belief. Linguistics courses are based on proven techniques drawn from decades of research in hundreds of languages around the world. Students of Linguistics have opportunities in the areas of translation, cross-cultural communication, international development (especially literacy programs), and speech-language pathology. The undergraduate Major is good preparation for the Master of Arts in Linguistics program, offered through Trinity Western’s Faculty of Graduate Studies, or the Master of Arts in Linguistics & Translation program, offered through Trinity Western’s Graduate School of Theological Studies.

Bachelor of Arts in Applied Linguistics

Program Requirements

It is recommended that students taking this degree program focus primarily on their core requirements for the first two years (approximately 80 semester hours of general programs, see the current TWU Academic calendar for specific course selections). Linguistics students then have the option to attend the CanIL 9 week summer session, which offers the foundational Linguistics courses required for further training, or to complete these courses in the Fall and Spring semesters. Linguistics degree students who have taken these foundational courses are best prepared to focus on their upper level Linguistics courses.

Required LING Courses (14 courses, 42 sem. hours). All courses plus 12 sem. hours from Electives section.
LING-101 Introduction to Linguistics

An introduction to the primary elements of linguistics, including an introduction to morphology and semantics (words and meaning), phonetics (the sounds of language), phonology (the sound systems of language), syntax (grammatical systems), sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition theory, and current issues in linguistics. No previous knowledge of linguistics is required.

LING-210 Language & Society

This course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

This course can alternatively be taken in an online format. Refer to Language and Society ONLINE.

LING-210 Language & Society - ONLINE VERSION

This online course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

Offered online during intersession, usually May - June. This course can alternatively be taken in the standard classroom format which has more frequent semester offerings.

LING-310 Articulatory Phonetics

This course provides a theoretical and practical introduction to the broad range of human speech sounds that are found in the languages of the world. Through practice inside and outside of the classroom, students will learn to recognize and produce the various sounds, transcribe them with phonetic symbols, and describe how they are produced. Attention will also be given to other phonetic details such as tone, intonation, stress, and duration.

LING-330 Phonological Analysis

Theory of language sound systems, principles of analysis of sound systems, and principles of forming an orthography. Opportunity will be given to apply these principles to a wide range of natural language data.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-360 Morphosyntax I

This course deals with theories of grammar and principles of language analysis: morphology, syntax, stems, words, phrases and sentences. Problem solving with data from a variety of languages is a major part of the course.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-460 Morphosyntax II

This course explores the rich variety of syntactic and semantic structures found in human language, deepening the students' understanding of syntactic phenomena addressed in the prerequisite course (360). The topics are examined within the framework of a current theory of Syntax.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-470 Language & Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

This course introduces students to theories of second language and second culture acquisition. Students develop and evaluate self-directed strategies based on personal learning styles. Practical experience in the above topics is gained by working with a speaker of a non Indo-European language.

NB: When taken in Fall term, LING 460 and 480 are also recommended.
This course is not normally offered during the summer. If you need this course during summer session, please let us know and we will determine if there is enough demand.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

Practical methodology for managing, analyzing and describing language data. Working with a native speaker of a non-Indo-European language, students gain experience in the ethics of fieldwork, techniques of data collection and recording, analysis using the scientific method and the use of linguistic software. NB: LING 460 is recommended in same semester.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-481 Anthropological Linguistics: Ethnography

This course introduces crucial concepts in anthropology and ethnography to linguists. It focuses on cross-cultural communication with an emphasis on participant observation as an effective methodology for such research. Students will collect and analyze data related to topics such as oral traditions, kinship, and social structure. They will be introduced to various tools for ethno-semantic analysis, including analysis of cultural themes and worldview, semantic domain analysis, and taxonomic analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-493 Semantics & Pragmatics - ONLINE ONLY

This course provides students with the theoretical tools with which to study meaning at the word and sentence levels, and to explain how people interpret utterances in context. Students will study various models of semantics and pragmatics, and learn how to apply different approaches to the study of meaning in natural language.

This course is only offered in ONLINE format.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

Elective LING Courses (choose 4 courses, 12 sem. hours)
LING-371 Training Across Cultures

This course provides linguists, translators and literacy trainers with principles of adult learning to increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes as effective trainers of adults in cross-cultural settings. Students will interact with literature in adult education; describe how these principles might apply cross-culturally; practice teaching using these methods; then analyze and compare approaches used in other cultures with practical application to training across cultures. While the focus is for training linguists, the principles can be applied to training adults in a wide variety of training situations.

LING-399 Internship in Field Linguistics

The linguistics practicum course is designed to give students a short-term practical experience in a language development program. Students will work with a faculty member at TWU and a mentor on location to develop their ability as field linguists through making a contribution to language development work. The location, length of assignment, and work commitments will be determined by the faculty member in consultation with the student and the field mentor. 120 hours of work are required for the 3 semester hour course.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 481 Anthropological Linguistics: Ethnography

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-466 Principles of Sociolinguistic Survey

This course introduces the students to the rudiments of linguistic and sociolinguistic survey. The focus is on purpose-driven language survey design and appropriate subsequent reporting of the findings. Consideration is given to current issues in social science research such as the ethics of sampling, and statistical significance of sample populations.

Co-requisite:

LING-210 Language & Society

LING-471 First Language Acquisition

This course covers typical first language acquisition in children. Major topics include phonology, vocabulary, grammar, syntax, pragmatics, as well as literacy development.  The course uses a social framework and real-life examples that connect the diverse topics into a comprehensive picture of language development. Application to fields of speech-language pathology and audiology are also developed through sections on language impairment and hearing loss.

This course is taught at CanIL-West and live-streamed by request.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

 

LING-475 Scripture Engagement

This course focuses on developing appropriate materials and activities that enhance a community’s engagement with Scripture. Students learn how to research worldview, work with local artists and teachers, and partner with local leaders in this process.

LING-476 Acoustic Phonetics

This course introduces students to fundamental principles of acoustics that are relevant to the study of human speech sounds. Students will gain a basic understanding of properties of speech sound waves and learn how to investigate these properties instrumentally using acoustic analysis software. There will be extensive practice interpreting acoustic displays such as waveform graphs, fundamental frequency graphs, and spectrograms. A major focus of the course is the effective use of these displays as an aid to correctly transcribing speech sounds and understanding their phonetic properties in the context of descriptive phonetic and/or phonological fieldwork. Significant attention is also given to the complex interrelationships among acoustic, articulatory, and perceptual correlates of speech sounds.

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management - ONLINE VERSION

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-484 Principles of Literacy

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING-484 Principles of Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

Note:

During Summer and Fall this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-485 Principles of Translation

This course covers the process of translating from a source language to a target language. Students will develop skill in understanding a message as originally communicated in one language and cultural setting, and in communicating essentially that message in a very different language and culture. Discussion includes source language, target language, and cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.

Prerequisites:

LING 470 Language and Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING 493 OL Semantics and Pragmatics

 

LING-486 Advanced Phonological Analysis

This course provides an overview of current phonological theory. Students employ theoretical concepts to analyze complex data from a variety of different languages, gaining in the process a better understanding of the range of typological variation found in human languages.Minimum grade for prerequisite courses is B-.

Prerequisites:

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-487 Lexicography

This course provides a theoretical and practical basis for analyzing the semantics of the lexicon, managing a lexical database and producing dictionaries for a variety of audiences including the local community, translators and linguists.

Note: This is an undergraduate version of LING 587 Lexicography.

Prerequisites:

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING-488 Literacy Materials Development

This course teaches students how to prepare basic pedagogical materials and early readers in languages that may not have a long written tradition. Special emphasis is given to teaching techniques for involving the local language community in the production of these materials.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

LING-488 Literacy Materials Development - ONLINE VERSION

This course teaches students how to prepare basic pedagogical materials and early readers in languages that may not have a long written tradition. Special emphasis is given to teaching techniques for involving the local language community in the production of these materials.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-490 Special Topics in Linguistics

An examination of special topics or issues in linguistics that are not covered in depth in other courses.
NB: Offered on a case-by-case basis, as needed. See Department chair.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING-491 Discourse Analysis

This course focuses on the question of how speakers of a given language effectively accomplish their communicative goals through the strategic use and shaping of language in both written and oral discourse. Students learn to identify different discourse genres, to chart texts for analysis, to discern hierarchical units within the macrostructure of a text, and to describe features of cohesion and participant reference, as well as identifying strategies in language for establishing the relative prominence of various streams of information. Special attention is paid to the interaction between alternate syntactic forms and their varying pragmatic functions in context.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 480 Field Methods

LING-499 Philosophical Perspectives in Linguistics

This course will examine the philosophical basis of human language and communication, with special attention to issues relating to semantics, discourse, lexicon, metaphor, and translation--all the areas that deal with meaning creation. There will be a critical review of some major schools of thought within philosophy of language and hermeneutics. These will be examined in light of current insights in textlinguistics, cognitive linguistics, and integrational linguistics.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis
LING 330 Phonological Analysis
LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

Bachelor of Arts with a Minor in Applied Linguistics

Program Requirements

TWU, in cooperation with the Canada Institute of Linguistics (CanIL), offers a Minor in Applied Linguistics. In addition to the general requirements of Trinity Western University for a Bachelor of Arts degree, students pursuing a minor in Applied Linguistics need to complete at least 24 semester hours of Linguistics courses. It is possible for students take four courses during the CanIL summer session in July and August before either their third or fourth year in the program. However, these summer courses are also offered throughout the year.

Required LING Courses (5 courses, 15 sem. hours)
LING-101 Introduction to Linguistics

An introduction to the primary elements of linguistics, including an introduction to morphology and semantics (words and meaning), phonetics (the sounds of language), phonology (the sound systems of language), syntax (grammatical systems), sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition theory, and current issues in linguistics. No previous knowledge of linguistics is required.

LING-210 Language & Society

This course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

This course can alternatively be taken in an online format. Refer to Language and Society ONLINE.

LING-210 Language & Society - ONLINE VERSION

This online course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

Offered online during intersession, usually May - June. This course can alternatively be taken in the standard classroom format which has more frequent semester offerings.

LING-310 Articulatory Phonetics

This course provides a theoretical and practical introduction to the broad range of human speech sounds that are found in the languages of the world. Through practice inside and outside of the classroom, students will learn to recognize and produce the various sounds, transcribe them with phonetic symbols, and describe how they are produced. Attention will also be given to other phonetic details such as tone, intonation, stress, and duration.

LING-330 Phonological Analysis

Theory of language sound systems, principles of analysis of sound systems, and principles of forming an orthography. Opportunity will be given to apply these principles to a wide range of natural language data.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-360 Morphosyntax I

This course deals with theories of grammar and principles of language analysis: morphology, syntax, stems, words, phrases and sentences. Problem solving with data from a variety of languages is a major part of the course.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

Elective LING Courses (choose 3 courses, 9 sem. hours)
LING-371 Training Across Cultures

This course provides linguists, translators and literacy trainers with principles of adult learning to increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes as effective trainers of adults in cross-cultural settings. Students will interact with literature in adult education; describe how these principles might apply cross-culturally; practice teaching using these methods; then analyze and compare approaches used in other cultures with practical application to training across cultures. While the focus is for training linguists, the principles can be applied to training adults in a wide variety of training situations.

LING-460 Morphosyntax II

This course explores the rich variety of syntactic and semantic structures found in human language, deepening the students' understanding of syntactic phenomena addressed in the prerequisite course (360). The topics are examined within the framework of a current theory of Syntax.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-470 Language & Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

This course introduces students to theories of second language and second culture acquisition. Students develop and evaluate self-directed strategies based on personal learning styles. Practical experience in the above topics is gained by working with a speaker of a non Indo-European language.

NB: When taken in Fall term, LING 460 and 480 are also recommended.
This course is not normally offered during the summer. If you need this course during summer session, please let us know and we will determine if there is enough demand.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-476 Acoustic Phonetics

This course introduces students to fundamental principles of acoustics that are relevant to the study of human speech sounds. Students will gain a basic understanding of properties of speech sound waves and learn how to investigate these properties instrumentally using acoustic analysis software. There will be extensive practice interpreting acoustic displays such as waveform graphs, fundamental frequency graphs, and spectrograms. A major focus of the course is the effective use of these displays as an aid to correctly transcribing speech sounds and understanding their phonetic properties in the context of descriptive phonetic and/or phonological fieldwork. Significant attention is also given to the complex interrelationships among acoustic, articulatory, and perceptual correlates of speech sounds.

LING-480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

Practical methodology for managing, analyzing and describing language data. Working with a native speaker of a non-Indo-European language, students gain experience in the ethics of fieldwork, techniques of data collection and recording, analysis using the scientific method and the use of linguistic software. NB: LING 460 is recommended in same semester.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management - ONLINE VERSION

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-484 Principles of Literacy

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING-484 Principles of Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

Note:

During Summer and Fall this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-485 Principles of Translation

This course covers the process of translating from a source language to a target language. Students will develop skill in understanding a message as originally communicated in one language and cultural setting, and in communicating essentially that message in a very different language and culture. Discussion includes source language, target language, and cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.

Prerequisites:

LING 470 Language and Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING 493 OL Semantics and Pragmatics

 

LING-486 Advanced Phonological Analysis

This course provides an overview of current phonological theory. Students employ theoretical concepts to analyze complex data from a variety of different languages, gaining in the process a better understanding of the range of typological variation found in human languages.Minimum grade for prerequisite courses is B-.

Prerequisites:

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-487 Lexicography

This course provides a theoretical and practical basis for analyzing the semantics of the lexicon, managing a lexical database and producing dictionaries for a variety of audiences including the local community, translators and linguists.

Note: This is an undergraduate version of LING 587 Lexicography.

Prerequisites:

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING-490 Special Topics in Linguistics

An examination of special topics or issues in linguistics that are not covered in depth in other courses.
NB: Offered on a case-by-case basis, as needed. See Department chair.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING-493 Semantics & Pragmatics - ONLINE ONLY

This course provides students with the theoretical tools with which to study meaning at the word and sentence levels, and to explain how people interpret utterances in context. Students will study various models of semantics and pragmatics, and learn how to apply different approaches to the study of meaning in natural language.

This course is only offered in ONLINE format.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-499 Philosophical Perspectives in Linguistics

This course will examine the philosophical basis of human language and communication, with special attention to issues relating to semantics, discourse, lexicon, metaphor, and translation--all the areas that deal with meaning creation. There will be a critical review of some major schools of thought within philosophy of language and hermeneutics. These will be examined in light of current insights in textlinguistics, cognitive linguistics, and integrational linguistics.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis
LING 330 Phonological Analysis
LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

Bachelor of Arts with a concentration in Applied Linguistics

Program Requirements

TWU, in cooperation with the Canada Institute of Linguistics (CanIL), offers a Concentration in Applied Linguistics. In addition to the general requirements of Trinity Western University for a Bachelor of Arts degree, students pursuing a concentration in Applied Linguistics need to complete at least 30 semester hours of Linguistics courses. It is possible for students take four courses during the CanIL summer session in July and August before either their third or fourth year in the program. However, these summer courses are also offered throughout the year.

Required LING Courses (5 courses, 15 sem. hours)
LING-101 Introduction to Linguistics

An introduction to the primary elements of linguistics, including an introduction to morphology and semantics (words and meaning), phonetics (the sounds of language), phonology (the sound systems of language), syntax (grammatical systems), sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition theory, and current issues in linguistics. No previous knowledge of linguistics is required.

LING-210 Language & Society

This course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

This course can alternatively be taken in an online format. Refer to Language and Society ONLINE.

LING-210 Language & Society - ONLINE VERSION

This online course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

Offered online during intersession, usually May - June. This course can alternatively be taken in the standard classroom format which has more frequent semester offerings.

LING-310 Articulatory Phonetics

This course provides a theoretical and practical introduction to the broad range of human speech sounds that are found in the languages of the world. Through practice inside and outside of the classroom, students will learn to recognize and produce the various sounds, transcribe them with phonetic symbols, and describe how they are produced. Attention will also be given to other phonetic details such as tone, intonation, stress, and duration.

LING-330 Phonological Analysis

Theory of language sound systems, principles of analysis of sound systems, and principles of forming an orthography. Opportunity will be given to apply these principles to a wide range of natural language data.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-360 Morphosyntax I

This course deals with theories of grammar and principles of language analysis: morphology, syntax, stems, words, phrases and sentences. Problem solving with data from a variety of languages is a major part of the course.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

Elective LING Courses (choose 5 courses, 15 sem. hours)
LING-371 Training Across Cultures

This course provides linguists, translators and literacy trainers with principles of adult learning to increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes as effective trainers of adults in cross-cultural settings. Students will interact with literature in adult education; describe how these principles might apply cross-culturally; practice teaching using these methods; then analyze and compare approaches used in other cultures with practical application to training across cultures. While the focus is for training linguists, the principles can be applied to training adults in a wide variety of training situations.

LING-460 Morphosyntax II

This course explores the rich variety of syntactic and semantic structures found in human language, deepening the students' understanding of syntactic phenomena addressed in the prerequisite course (360). The topics are examined within the framework of a current theory of Syntax.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-470 Language & Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

This course introduces students to theories of second language and second culture acquisition. Students develop and evaluate self-directed strategies based on personal learning styles. Practical experience in the above topics is gained by working with a speaker of a non Indo-European language.

NB: When taken in Fall term, LING 460 and 480 are also recommended.
This course is not normally offered during the summer. If you need this course during summer session, please let us know and we will determine if there is enough demand.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-476 Acoustic Phonetics

This course introduces students to fundamental principles of acoustics that are relevant to the study of human speech sounds. Students will gain a basic understanding of properties of speech sound waves and learn how to investigate these properties instrumentally using acoustic analysis software. There will be extensive practice interpreting acoustic displays such as waveform graphs, fundamental frequency graphs, and spectrograms. A major focus of the course is the effective use of these displays as an aid to correctly transcribing speech sounds and understanding their phonetic properties in the context of descriptive phonetic and/or phonological fieldwork. Significant attention is also given to the complex interrelationships among acoustic, articulatory, and perceptual correlates of speech sounds.

LING-480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

Practical methodology for managing, analyzing and describing language data. Working with a native speaker of a non-Indo-European language, students gain experience in the ethics of fieldwork, techniques of data collection and recording, analysis using the scientific method and the use of linguistic software. NB: LING 460 is recommended in same semester.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management - ONLINE VERSION

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-484 Principles of Literacy

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING-484 Principles of Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

Note:

During Summer and Fall this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-485 Principles of Translation

This course covers the process of translating from a source language to a target language. Students will develop skill in understanding a message as originally communicated in one language and cultural setting, and in communicating essentially that message in a very different language and culture. Discussion includes source language, target language, and cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.

Prerequisites:

LING 470 Language and Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING 493 OL Semantics and Pragmatics

 

LING-486 Advanced Phonological Analysis

This course provides an overview of current phonological theory. Students employ theoretical concepts to analyze complex data from a variety of different languages, gaining in the process a better understanding of the range of typological variation found in human languages.Minimum grade for prerequisite courses is B-.

Prerequisites:

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-487 Lexicography

This course provides a theoretical and practical basis for analyzing the semantics of the lexicon, managing a lexical database and producing dictionaries for a variety of audiences including the local community, translators and linguists.

Note: This is an undergraduate version of LING 587 Lexicography.

Prerequisites:

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING-490 Special Topics in Linguistics

An examination of special topics or issues in linguistics that are not covered in depth in other courses.
NB: Offered on a case-by-case basis, as needed. See Department chair.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING-493 Semantics & Pragmatics - ONLINE ONLY

This course provides students with the theoretical tools with which to study meaning at the word and sentence levels, and to explain how people interpret utterances in context. Students will study various models of semantics and pragmatics, and learn how to apply different approaches to the study of meaning in natural language.

This course is only offered in ONLINE format.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-499 Philosophical Perspectives in Linguistics

This course will examine the philosophical basis of human language and communication, with special attention to issues relating to semantics, discourse, lexicon, metaphor, and translation--all the areas that deal with meaning creation. There will be a critical review of some major schools of thought within philosophy of language and hermeneutics. These will be examined in light of current insights in textlinguistics, cognitive linguistics, and integrational linguistics.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis
LING 330 Phonological Analysis
LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

THE BOTTOM LINE

How long is the program?
4 years
How many semester hours?
122 total hours, including 42 semester hours of LING courses
What is the current cost?
$742 per semester hour
How much does an average semester cost?
$11,130 (15 semester hours)
How much financial aid is available?
TWU offers an average of $2,700 per semester.
CanIL offers an average of $500 per CanIL Linguistics course taken for all the BA degree options below.
CanIL offers a Church Matching Grant up to $4,000 for BA Ling majors in their 3rd and 4th years enrolled in CanIL Launch and 3 or more Linguistics courses per semester for a full academic year. Learn more at Financial Aid: Awards for CanIL Launch Students

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