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Offered by CanIL

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All Courses Offered by CanIL

Provided for reference only. Please refer to specific program listings for the desired training program. Click on CanIL West or CanIL East to see a list of courses offered at those locations. Note that semester offered is subject to change and should be verified with the official course calendar of TWU, ACTS or Tyndale.

CanIL West courses (TWU/ACTS)
LIN-540 MALT Internship

The Internship is designed to give students extended practical experience in a language development program. Students will be assigned an advisor who is a faculty member at TWU and a mentor in the field location. These people will help the student to develop skills in field linguistics and/or biblical exegesis as the student contributes to language development, Bible translation, or Scripture engagement in a minority language community. The location, length of assignment, and work commitments will be determined by the faculty advisor in consultation with the student and the field mentor. 240 hours of work are required for the 6 semester hour course.

Note: A student who attains a grade of B or higher in the Internship will not be required to sit the Comprehensive Exam.

Prereqs: LIN 560, LIN 570, LIN 580

LIN-571 Training Across Cultures

This course cannot be used as an elective to the MA Linguistics degree program without the permission of your program advisor.

This course provides linguists, translators and literacy trainers with principles of adult learning to increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes as effective trainers of adults in cross-cultural settings. Students will interact with literature in adult education; describe how these principles might apply cross-culturally; practice teaching using these methods; then analyze and compare approaches used in other cultures with practical application to training across cultures. While the focus is for training linguists, the principles can be applied to training adults in a wide variety of training situations.

LIN-575 Scripture Engagement

This course cannot be used as an elective to the MA Linguistics degree program without the permission of your program advisor.

This course focuses on literature use as the goal of a language development project. The course is designed to create an early awareness of the interrelated parameters of literature use, its timing in language development planning, and the logistics of promotion and distribution. Topics covered include: culture variation and cross-cultural communication, the role of religion in culture, literacy strategies, promotion and distribution methods and strategies, and the role of non-print media. A few workshop sessions may be planned upon request for those already involved in a language program. Participants with sufficient field data and/or experience may work on their own data/projects for the class assignments, in consultation with the instructor.

LING-101 Introduction to Linguistics

An introduction to the primary elements of linguistics, including an introduction to morphology and semantics (words and meaning), phonetics (the sounds of language), phonology (the sound systems of language), syntax (grammatical systems), sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition theory, and current issues in linguistics. No previous knowledge of linguistics is required.

LING-210 Language & Society

This course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

This course can alternatively be taken in an online format. Refer to Language and Society ONLINE.

LING-210 Language & Society - ONLINE VERSION

This online course focuses on the interaction between language and the social context within which it is used. Topics include: regional and social dialects; multilingualism; language attitudes and their impact on national and personal identity; linguistic politeness; the maintenance, shift, loss, and spread of languages; and the impact of modern technology. Applications to gender and education are explored in depth.

Offered online during intersession, usually May - June. This course can alternatively be taken in the standard classroom format which has more frequent semester offerings.

LING-310 Articulatory Phonetics

This course provides a theoretical and practical introduction to the broad range of human speech sounds that are found in the languages of the world. Through practice inside and outside of the classroom, students will learn to recognize and produce the various sounds, transcribe them with phonetic symbols, and describe how they are produced. Attention will also be given to other phonetic details such as tone, intonation, stress, and duration.

LING-330 Phonological Analysis

Theory of language sound systems, principles of analysis of sound systems, and principles of forming an orthography. Opportunity will be given to apply these principles to a wide range of natural language data.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-360 Morphosyntax I

This course deals with theories of grammar and principles of language analysis: morphology, syntax, stems, words, phrases and sentences. Problem solving with data from a variety of languages is a major part of the course.

Co-requisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-371 Training Across Cultures

This course provides linguists, translators and literacy trainers with principles of adult learning to increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes as effective trainers of adults in cross-cultural settings. Students will interact with literature in adult education; describe how these principles might apply cross-culturally; practice teaching using these methods; then analyze and compare approaches used in other cultures with practical application to training across cultures. While the focus is for training linguists, the principles can be applied to training adults in a wide variety of training situations.

LING-399 Internship in Field Linguistics

The linguistics practicum course is designed to give students a short-term practical experience in a language development program. Students will work with a faculty member at TWU and a mentor on location to develop their ability as field linguists through making a contribution to language development work. The location, length of assignment, and work commitments will be determined by the faculty member in consultation with the student and the field mentor. 120 hours of work are required for the 3 semester hour course.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 481 Anthropological Linguistics: Ethnography

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-460 Morphosyntax II

This course explores the rich variety of syntactic and semantic structures found in human language, deepening the students' understanding of syntactic phenomena addressed in the prerequisite course (360). The topics are examined within the framework of a current theory of Syntax.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-466 Principles of Sociolinguistic Survey

This course introduces the students to the rudiments of linguistic and sociolinguistic survey. The focus is on purpose-driven language survey design and appropriate subsequent reporting of the findings. Consideration is given to current issues in social science research such as the ethics of sampling, and statistical significance of sample populations.

Co-requisite:

LING-210 Language & Society

LING-470 Language & Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

This course introduces students to theories of second language and second culture acquisition. Students develop and evaluate self-directed strategies based on personal learning styles. Practical experience in the above topics is gained by working with a speaker of a non Indo-European language.

NB: When taken in Fall term, LING 460 and 480 are also recommended.
This course is not normally offered during the summer. If you need this course during summer session, please let us know and we will determine if there is enough demand.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-471 First Language Acquisition

This course covers typical first language acquisition in children. Major topics include phonology, vocabulary, grammar, syntax, pragmatics, as well as literacy development.  The course uses a social framework and real-life examples that connect the diverse topics into a comprehensive picture of language development. Application to fields of speech-language pathology and audiology are also developed through sections on language impairment and hearing loss.

This course is taught at CanIL-West and live-streamed by request.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

 

LING-475 Scripture Engagement

This course focuses on developing appropriate materials and activities that enhance a community’s engagement with Scripture. Students learn how to research worldview, work with local artists and teachers, and partner with local leaders in this process.

LING-476 Acoustic Phonetics

This course introduces students to fundamental principles of acoustics that are relevant to the study of human speech sounds. Students will gain a basic understanding of properties of speech sound waves and learn how to investigate these properties instrumentally using acoustic analysis software. There will be extensive practice interpreting acoustic displays such as waveform graphs, fundamental frequency graphs, and spectrograms. A major focus of the course is the effective use of these displays as an aid to correctly transcribing speech sounds and understanding their phonetic properties in the context of descriptive phonetic and/or phonological fieldwork. Significant attention is also given to the complex interrelationships among acoustic, articulatory, and perceptual correlates of speech sounds.

LING-480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

Practical methodology for managing, analyzing and describing language data. Working with a native speaker of a non-Indo-European language, students gain experience in the ethics of fieldwork, techniques of data collection and recording, analysis using the scientific method and the use of linguistic software. NB: LING 460 is recommended in same semester.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-481 Anthropological Linguistics: Ethnography

This course introduces crucial concepts in anthropology and ethnography to linguists. It focuses on cross-cultural communication with an emphasis on participant observation as an effective methodology for such research. Students will collect and analyze data related to topics such as oral traditions, kinship, and social structure. They will be introduced to various tools for ethno-semantic analysis, including analysis of cultural themes and worldview, semantic domain analysis, and taxonomic analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

LING-482 Issues in Community Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

This course focuses on issues relating to literacy programs in a community of speakers of a minority language. It deals with various program issues, including: bridging the gap to oral communities and introducing change in a community, motivation and mobilization, capacity-building and sustainability, training and evaluation, the challenges of working in multilingual societies and with those in stressed situations, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-483 Language Programs Design & Management - ONLINE VERSION

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-484 Principles of Literacy

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING-484 Principles of Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

As an introductory course in principles for literacy work in ethnolinguistic minority groups, this course includes an introduction to what a literacy program involves, including orthography design, pre and post- literacy considerations, learning and reading theory and instructional methodologies. It requires a background knowledge of phonology.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

Note:

During Summer and Fall this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-485 Principles of Translation

This course covers the process of translating from a source language to a target language. Students will develop skill in understanding a message as originally communicated in one language and cultural setting, and in communicating essentially that message in a very different language and culture. Discussion includes source language, target language, and cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.

Prerequisites:

LING 470 Language and Culture Acquisition: Theory & Praxis

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING 493 OL Semantics and Pragmatics

 

LING-486 Advanced Phonological Analysis

This course provides an overview of current phonological theory. Students employ theoretical concepts to analyze complex data from a variety of different languages, gaining in the process a better understanding of the range of typological variation found in human languages.Minimum grade for prerequisite courses is B-.

Prerequisites:

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-487 Lexicography

This course provides a theoretical and practical basis for analyzing the semantics of the lexicon, managing a lexical database and producing dictionaries for a variety of audiences including the local community, translators and linguists.

Note: This is an undergraduate version of LING 587 Lexicography.

Prerequisites:

LING 480 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING-488 Literacy Materials Development

This course teaches students how to prepare basic pedagogical materials and early readers in languages that may not have a long written tradition. Special emphasis is given to teaching techniques for involving the local language community in the production of these materials.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

LING-488 Literacy Materials Development - ONLINE VERSION

This course teaches students how to prepare basic pedagogical materials and early readers in languages that may not have a long written tradition. Special emphasis is given to teaching techniques for involving the local language community in the production of these materials.

Prerequisites:

LING 484 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-490 Special Topics in Linguistics

An examination of special topics or issues in linguistics that are not covered in depth in other courses.
NB: Offered on a case-by-case basis, as needed. See Department chair.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING-491 Discourse Analysis

This course focuses on the question of how speakers of a given language effectively accomplish their communicative goals through the strategic use and shaping of language in both written and oral discourse. Students learn to identify different discourse genres, to chart texts for analysis, to discern hierarchical units within the macrostructure of a text, and to describe features of cohesion and participant reference, as well as identifying strategies in language for establishing the relative prominence of various streams of information. Special attention is paid to the interaction between alternate syntactic forms and their varying pragmatic functions in context.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 480 Field Methods

LING-493 Semantics & Pragmatics - ONLINE ONLY

This course provides students with the theoretical tools with which to study meaning at the word and sentence levels, and to explain how people interpret utterances in context. Students will study various models of semantics and pragmatics, and learn how to apply different approaches to the study of meaning in natural language.

This course is only offered in ONLINE format.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-499 Philosophical Perspectives in Linguistics

This course will examine the philosophical basis of human language and communication, with special attention to issues relating to semantics, discourse, lexicon, metaphor, and translation--all the areas that deal with meaning creation. There will be a critical review of some major schools of thought within philosophy of language and hermeneutics. These will be examined in light of current insights in textlinguistics, cognitive linguistics, and integrational linguistics.
Please note that LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis
LING 330 Phonological Analysis
LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING-555 Historical & Comparative Linguistics

This course introduces students to language change. It considers how and why languages change and the role of language contact. It also presents different theories and methodologies useful for historical and comparative linguistic investigation. Through a series of guided assignments, students will investigate a number of related existing languages from a non-Indo-European language family and reconstruct significant elements of the phonology, morphology, and lexicon of the proto-language.

LING-560 Morphosyntax II

This course explores the rich variety of syntactic and semantic structures found in human language, deepening the students' understanding of syntactic phenomena addressed in the prerequisite course (360). The topics are examined within the framework of a current theory of Syntax.

Prerequisites:

LING 360 Morphosyntax I

LING-566 Principles of Sociolinguistic Survey

This course introduces the students to the rudiments of linguistic and sociolinguistic survey. The focus is on purpose-driven language survey design and appropriate subsequent reporting of the findings. Consideration is given to current issues in social science research such as the ethics of sampling, and statistical significance of sample populations.

Co-requisite:

LING-210 Language & Society

LING-570 Language & Culture Acquisition

This course introduces students to theories of second language and second culture acquisition. Students develop and evaluate self-directed strategies based on personal learning styles. Practical experience in the above topics is gained by working with a speaker of a non-Indo-European language.
NB: LING 560 and 580 are recommended in the same semester.

LING-576 Acoustic Phonetics

This course introduces students to fundamental principles of acoustics that are relevant to the study of human speech sounds. Students will gain a basic understanding of properties of speech sound waves and learn how to investigate these properties instrumentally using acoustic analysis software. There will be extensive practice interpreting acoustic displays such as waveform graphs, fundamental frequency graphs, and spectrograms. A major focus of the course is the effective use of these displays as an aid to correctly transcribing speech sounds and understanding their phonetic properties in the context of descriptive phonetic and/or phonological fieldwork. Significant attention is also given to the complex interrelationships among acoustic, articulatory, and perceptual correlates of speech sounds.

LING-580 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

Practical methodology for managing, analyzing and describing language data. Working with a native speaker of a non-Indo-European language, students gain experience in the ethics of fieldwork, techniques of data collection and recording, analysis using the scientific method and the use of linguistic software.
Please note that LING LING 361 and LING 362 can be used as a prerequisite instead of LING 360 Grammatical Analysis.
NB: LING 560 is recommended in the same semester.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING 360 Grammatical Analysis

LING-581 Anthropological Linguistics: Ethnography

This course introduces crucial concepts in anthropology and ethnography to linguists. It focuses on cross-cultural communication with an emphasis on participant observation as an effective methodology for such research. Students will collect and analyze data related to topics such as oral traditions, kinship, and social structure. They will be introduced to various tools for ethno-semantic analysis, including analysis of cultural themes and worldview, semantic domain analysis, and taxonomic analysis. Pre-requisite: LING 210 Language and Society or equivalent introduction to sociolinguistics.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-582 Issues in Community Literacy

The issues in community literacy work that are covered in this course include various program issues such as introducing literacy in an oral community, motivation for literacy, capacity building and sustainability, training of personnel and evaluation of the program, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Prerequisite:

LING-LIN 4/584 Principles of Literacy

LING-582 OL Issues in Community Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

The issues in community literacy work that are covered in this course include various program issues such as introducing literacy in an oral community, motivation for literacy, capacity building and sustainability, training of personnel and evaluation of the program, and using participatory approaches in all aspects of the program.

Offered online by request only.

Prerequisite:

LING-LIN 4/584 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-583 Language Programs Design & Management

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-583 Language Programs Design & Management - ONLINE VERSION

This course investigates the sociolinguistic and background factors upon which a language development program for speakers of vernacular languages may be based. Students learn to work with local people and agencies in designing and implementing a program to effectively meet the needs of specific language groups.

Prerequisites:

LING 210 Language and Society

LING-584 OL Principles of Literacy - ONLINE VERSION

This online course covers principles involved in the introduction of literacy to ethno-linguistic minority groups. It includes orthography design, consideration of socio-historical issues, strategies for literacy programs, stimulation of local authorship, reading theory and instructional methodologies, and a literacy tutorial practicum. Under certain conditions a term paper may be substituted for the practicum.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

Note:

During Summer and Fall this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-584 Principles of Literacy

This course covers principles involved in the introduction of literacy to ethno-linguistic minority groups. It includes orthography design, consideration of socio-historical issues, strategies for literacy programs, stimulation of local authorship, reading theory and instructional methodologies, and a literacy tutorial practicum. Under certain conditions a term paper may be substituted for the practicum.

Prerequisites:

LING 310 Articulatory Phonetics

LING 330 Phonological Analysis

LING-585 Principles of Translation

This course covers the process of translating from a source language to a target language. Students will develop skill in understanding a message as originally communicated in one language and cultural setting, and in communicating essentially that message in a very different language and culture. Discussion includes source language, target language, and cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 4/570 Language and Culture Acquisition

LING-LIN 4/580 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING-LIN 4/593 OL Semantics and Pragmatics

LING-586 Advanced Phonological Analysis

An overview of current phonological theory with an emphasis on those theories that make a significant contribution towards the development of practical orthographies. In particular, students are introduced to Stratal Optimality Theory, which they apply to the analysis of problematic data from a number of different languages. The course also emphasizes descriptive linguistics and students are taught how to integrate insights from phonological theory into phonological descriptions. Minimum grades of B- are required for LING 310 and LING 330 (program prerequisites).

LING-587 Lexicography

This course provides a theoretical and practical basis for analyzing the semantics of the lexicon, managing a lexical database and producing dictionaries for a variety of audiences including the local community, translators and linguists.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 4/580 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

 

LING-588 Literacy Materials Development

This course teaches students how to prepare basic pedagogical materials and early readers in languages that may not have a long written tradition. Special emphasis is given to teaching techniques for involving the local language community in the production of these materials.

Prerequisite:

LING-LIN 4/584 Principles of Literacy

LING-588 OL Literacy Materials Development - ONLINE VERSION

This online course teaches students how to prepare basic pedagogical materials and early readers in languages that may not have a long written tradition. Special emphasis is given to teaching techniques for involving the local language community in the production of these materials.

Offered online by request only.

Prerequisite:

LING-LIN 4/584 Principles of Literacy

Note:

In the Spring semester this online class is only available for students who do not have access to the Langley campus, or who have a schedule conflict with the regular class.

LING-593 Semantics & Pragmatics - ONLINE ONLY

This course provides students with the theoretical tools with which to study meaning at the word and sentence levels, and to explain how people interpret utterances in context. Students will study various models of semantics and pragmatics, and learn how to apply different approaches to the study of meaning in natural language.

This is course is only offered in ONLINE format.

LING-599 Philosophical Perspectives in Linguistics

This course will examine the philosophical basis of human language and communication, with special attention to issues relating to semantics, discourse, lexicon, metaphor, and translation--all the areas that deal with meaning creation. There will be a critical review of some major schools of thought within philosophy of language and hermeneutics. These will be examined in light of current insights in textlinguistics, cognitive linguistics, and integrational linguistics.

LING-650 Survey of Linguistic Theories

This course introduces students to a wide range of linguistic theories. Students read and discuss original works written from various perspectives and gain in the process a clearer appreciation for the range of views that exist concerning the nature of human language and its syntactic, semantic, phonological, and discourse properties.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 4/560 Morphosyntax II

Note: Online

LING-660 Topics in Morphology & Syntax

An article based course providing an in-depth exploration of current issues in the linguistic subfields of Morphology and Syntax. The types of topics addressed include: wordhood, clitics, grammatical relations, voice, valence, transitivity, noun incorporation, control constructions, raising, reflexivity & reciprocalization, complementation, evidentiality, secondary predication, and iconicity & economy. Students apply the acquired knowledge in producing a major paper.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 560 Morphosyntax II

Note: Online

LING-680 Advanced Field Methods

In this course, students transcribe, organize and analyze language data and prepare a written description of phonological, morphosyntactic, or discourse features of the language. The course focuses on applying effective fieldwork methodologies.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 4/586 Advanced Phonological Analysis

LING-LIN 4/580 Field Methods: Data Management & Analysis

LING-LIN 4/560 Morphosyntax II

 

LING-685 Linguistic Academic Writing - ONLINE

Develops skills in academic writing for linguistics, including how to write articles, abstracts, theses, books, etc.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 680 Advanced Field Methods

LING-688 Tone Analysis

This course introduces students to a methodology for tone analysis, focusing on the analysis of one field language and incorporating the insights of current theoretical approaches. They will also learn how to apply insights from the analysis of a tone system to developing practical orthographies.

 

LING-691 Discourse Analysis

This course focuses on the question of how speakers of a given language effectively accomplish their communicative goals through the strategic use and shaping of language in both written and oral discourse. Students learn to identify different discourse genres, to chart texts for analysis, to discern hierarchical units within the macrostructure of a text, and to describe features of cohesion and participant reference, as well as identifying strategies in language for establishing the relative prominence of various streams of information. Special attention is paid to the interaction between alternate syntactic forms and their varying pragmatic functions in context.

Prerequisites:

LING-LIN 4/580 Field Methods

LING-695 Topics in Linguistics

An examination of special topics or issues in linguistics that are not covered in depth in other courses.

CanIL East courses (Tyndale)
LING-101 Introduction to Linguistics I

Introduction to core 'technical' areas of linguistics: phonetics, phonology, morphology and syntax. Interplay of linguistics with the related disciplines of psychology, neurology, sociology and literature. Additional topics covered include: animal communication, language and culture, and how languages change over time. Understanding of how human languages are structured in the mind, how language develops in children, and how language is used in human communities. Exposure to data and analysis of languages from around the world.

LING-102 Introduction to Linguistics II

Continuation of LING 101.

LING-201 Phonetics

Introduction to the broad range of human speech sounds used in languages of the world. Students receive training and practice in recognizing, describing and producing speech sounds from a variety of languages, and transcribing them with phonetic symbols. Focuses on the articulatory bases of speech production, but some discussion of the acoustic properties of speech sounds is also provided.

LING-203 Phonology I: Phonological Analysis

Provides an introduction to the theory and practice of analyzing sound systems in spoken languages. Opportunity to apply the principles of phonological analysis to data from a wide variety of natural languages. Application of phonological analysis to issues of orthography development. Prerequisite: LING 201.

LING-204 Morphology & Syntax I

This course introduces theoretical concepts and analytical principles pertaining to the study of words and word-stems (morphology), and phrases and sentences (syntax) in human language. Problem solving with data from a variety of languages is a major part of the course.

LING-211 Language & Society

Introduction to language as a context-dependent social phenomenon. Students examine how various contexts and social factors, such as age, gender, social class, status, setting and topic, influence linguistic choices, with special attention to multilingual societies. Other topics include language attitudes, the maintenance, shift or loss of languages, language and technology and language in education.

Prerequisites: None.

LING-302 Language & Culture Acquisition

Practical introduction to language and culture learning for linguists, missionaries and professionals who find themselves in areas where no formal language instruction is available. Students learn foundational principles of language acquisition and are exposed to a diverse range of language learning methodologies. Students exercise these methodologies in regular sessions where they meet with a speaker of a non-Indo-European language. Students learn how to plan their own language learning, tailoring strategies to their individual learning styles.

Prerequisites: 6 credit hours in LING.

LING-303 Phonology II: Advanced Phonological Analysis

Builds upon LING 203 by exploring recent developments and current issues in phonological theory. Attention is given to the interplay between theory and analysis. Experience extending theoretical models to new data, and develop constructive critical thinking in light of problems encountered.

Prerequisites: 6 credit hours in LING, including LING 203.

LING-304 Morphology & Syntax II

This course explores the rich variety of morphological and syntactic constructions and processes found in human language, deepening the students' understanding of morphosyntactic phenomena from a typological perspective. The topics are examined within the framework of a current theory of Syntax.

Prerequisite: 6 credit hours in LING including LING 204.

LING-405 Field Methods

Being able to gather and organize data, form hypotheses and work ethically with human subjects in research are essential professional skills for any linguistic researcher. Work with speakers from a non-Indo-European language community to transcribe utterances, build a rudimentary dictionary and gather data for phonological and grammatical analysis. Involves learning some special computer tools for the creation of lexical databases, and the gathering and organizing of language data.

Prerequisites: LING 201, 203, 204, 211

LING-407 Discourse Analysis

Analysis of structures and meaning beyond the sentence to how information is organized in texts. Consideration of text genres and the study of concepts such as topic, focus, foregrounding, new and old information, etc. Exploration of techniques of narrative text discourse analysis in various languages of the world.

Prerequisite: LING 201, 203, 204

LING-430 Philosophy of Language

Advanced survey of the major topics and issues in contemporary philosophy of language. Meaning, truth, names and descriptions, reference, syntax and semantics, various linguistic constructions, modality and possible worlds, speech act theory.

Prerequisites: PHIL 171, 201, and 370.

LING-471 Semantics & Pragmatics

This course provides students with the theoretical tools with which to study meaning at the word and sentence levels, and to explain how people interpret utterances in context. Students will study various models of semantics and pragmatics, and learn how to apply different approaches to the study of meaning in natural language.

Prerequisite: LING 204 Morphology and Syntax I

LING-475 Principles of Bible Translation

This course is designed to give the student the theoretical basis and practical skills for the transfer of meaning from one language to another. Topics will include semantic analysis of source language and receptor language, and problems encountered in cross-language transfer, with particular attention to the translation of Scripture.
Pre-requisites: LING 1013, 1023 and 2043;

Pre- or Co-requisite: LING 4713

LING-480 Internship in Field Linguistics

Designed to give students practical experience in field-based language work, including language documentation, description, and development. Students will work with a Tyndale faculty supervisor and a field mentor to develop their ability as field linguists by making a contribution to a language project. Requires a minimum of 240 hours in a field project. Available only to students enrolled in the BA LING major or minor with a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.5 and the approval of their faculty advisor.

Prerequisite: LING 405. Permission required.

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